Throat Cancer

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If you are a smoker, consume alcohol on a frequent basis, or if you use chewing tobacco, you are at an increased risk of developing Throat Cancer.

The surgery to remove this cancer is common option which involves the removing the cancer and part of the larynx. Being a smoker puts you at the greatest risk for developing Throat Cancer.

Throat Cancer Treatments

  • Surgery
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgery :
  • The surgery complexity will depend on the severity and extent of damage caused by the throat cancer.

  • Radiation :
  • The radiation dose will vary depending on the size of the throat cancer tumor.

  • Chemotherapy :
  • Chemotherapy will attack the throat cancer cells and (hopefully) eliminate them. Side effects from chemotherapy are generally extremely unpleasant.

    Types Throat Cancer

    • Laryngeal Cancer
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Nasopharyngeal Cancer
    • Hypo pharyngeal Cancer
  • Laryngeal Cancer :
  • Cancer of the larynx or the voice box is a type of cancer similar to the vocal card cancer. The symptoms of this cancer are similar to the vocal card cancer like the sore throat or pain in the larynx. These types of cancer are diagnosed with the laryngoscopy. In this method a special type of tube with lights are send down to the patient throat to examine the causes.

  • Thyroid Gland :
  • The thyroid gland cancer is a type of throat cancer in which the thyroid gland may grow abnormally leading to the formation of tumors. The thyroid is a gland that is located at the base of the throat. The main purpose of this gland is to secrete hormones that regulate many parts of the body. The main reason for the disease in the thyroid gland is either over-active or under-active nature of the thyroid gland.

  • Nasopharyngeal Cancer :
  • This type of cancer occurs in the region called the nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is a small area in the back of the nose towards the base of the skull.Thy symptoms of this type are trouble breathing, hearing or speaking, nose bleeding etc. These types of cancer are diagnosed with the nasoscope. There are four stages of this cancer.

  • Hypo pharyngeal Cancer :
  • This is a type of cancer in which cancer cells forms in the tissues of the hypo pharynx. The bottom part of the pharynx is called as the hypo pharyngeal. The basic risk factors for this type of cancer include tobacco consumption in any form and excess alcohol.These types of cancer are diagnosed with the Barium esophagogram, Esophagoscopy, Bronchoscopy and Biopsy.

    symptoms maybe like sore throats or pain while swallowing the foods or a change in the voice or a small lump in the throat. Even pain in the ears is a symptom for it. The treatments for this type of cancer are therapy like radiation therapy, chemotherapy and sometime maybe surgery to take out the cancer.