Dr . Aditya joshipura is a specialist in Head & Neck Onco Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery and Skull Base Surgery.
The Head and Neck region is an anatomically diverse area of the body that is composed of soft tissue, bones, skin, and a variety of glands and organs. Head and Neck Cancer encompasses a wide range of tumors that can develop in several areas of the head and neck , including the throat, larynx (voice box), nose, sinuses, and mouth.
Treatment for Head and Neck Cancers depends on the exact location of the tumor, the stage of the cancer, and the person's age and general health. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
The head and neck cancer surgery is mainly done to remove the cancerous cells from the tissues of the mouth, nose, throat, larynx, pharynx, sinus, nasal passages, salivary glands, voice box, and other facial and neck areas.
If the surgery becomes an ultimate option for a patient, the whole tumor and the lymph nodes are removed. Specialist microsurgical techniques are used to move blood vessels along with the leg bone and reattach them to blood vessels in the neck, creating a blood supply for the new jaw.
Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) is a cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. At low doses, radiation is used in x-rays to see inside your body, as with x-rays of your teeth or broken bones.
Chemotherapy alone is not considered a curative treatment for most head and neck cancers. A chemotherapy regimen, or schedule, usually consists of a specific number of cycles given over a set period of time. A patient may receive 1 drug at a time or a combination of different drugs given at the same time.
Radiation's side effects, on the other hand, tend to affect the area being treated. But they do still depend on the dose of radiation given, the location on the body, and whether the radiation was internal or external. These therapies improve the cure rates and conserve the organ affected by the disease. Combination of these therapies may increase the chance of normal speech and swallow.
The mouth, throat and neck are the most common areas affected by Head and Neck Cancers. Symptoms depend on where the cancer develops and how it spreads. Cancer of the oral cavity (mouth) is the most common type of head and neck cancer. Oral cancer can begin in the lips, the gums, the area behind the molars or wisdom teeth.